Common Causes Of Ankle Sprains & How To Manage The Pain

An ankle sprain is a tear in the ligaments of the ankle. A ligament binds the ankle to the foot and leg and creates stability. When an ankle is twisted or has a forceful impact, it could lead to a sprained ankle.

Ankle sprains are one of the most common types of pain or injury. So, what are some causes of ankle sprain, and how do we relieve the pain? Read on to learn about the common causes of ankle pain.

Common causes of ankle pain

Sprains occur when the ankle is forced out of its normal position, leading to a stretching, partial or complete tear of the ankle’s ligaments.

Some of the most common causes of a sprained ankle include:

  • Twisting your ankle as a result of a fall
  • Landing uncomfortably on your foot after jumping
  • Exercising or walking on an uneven surface, causing you to put an unusual amount of stress on your foot
  • Wearing the wrong type of shoes for sports, putting you at risk of falling and twisting your ankle
  • High-impact sports involving running, jumping, climbing or kicking can lead to various injuries, including ankle sprains

Ankle sprains may present with pain, swelling in the foot and ankle. There may also be bruising and a loss of movement range. An ankle sprain might not heal well if not treated early, leading to recurrent sprains and functional instability. As a result of functional instability, the ankle can turn in or sprain easily, despite low-impact activities like walking and climbing stairs.

How to get relief from ankle pain

After an injury, swelling needs to be reduced immediately using several methods. These methods include using a compressive wrap, icing the swelling, elevating to your leg to reduce the swelling, or even using a CAM (Controlled Ankle Movement) walker boot.

Here are some of the most common ways to relieve ankle pain:

  • Relative rest

For most common ankle conditions, this is usually the first treatment to relieve pain since it helps to reduce inflammation. This involves avoiding activities that aggravate the ankle pain, such as walking for long hours

  • Ice and heat application

A common way to relieve ankle pain is using ice packs or heat pads to manage inflammation. Heat pads are primarily used to relax and loosen tissues and to stimulate blood flow for chronic conditions, while ice packs are mainly used for acute injuries to reduce swelling.

  • Stretching

Some ankle pain symptoms can be relieved by stretching the muscles and tendons surrounding the joint. The establishment of a good routine should be assisted by a professional.

  • Physiotherapy

Treatment of orthopaedic conditions often involves physiotherapy. Strengthening, regaining mobility, and returning patients to their pre-injury level of activity are just some main objectives of physiotherapists when treating ankle pain.

  • Ankle pain medication

Patients with ankle pain caused by arthritis, bursitis, or tendonitis might be prescribed nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). 


Regardless of how you got the injury, ankle sprains should be managed with proper care. Leaving an ankle sprain unattended over a long period could lead to more pain and discomfort. Therefore, it is recommended for anyone experiencing any form of ankle pain to get it checked out in case it might lead to a severe problem in the future.

At Pain SG, we can effectively manage and treat all pain-related conditions, including ankle pain management. If you are currently dealing with ankle-related pain, do not hesitate to book an appointment with our pain specialist in Singapore.

Give us a call to book an appointment or send in your questions to